Highly-efficient CHP plants: energy efficiency in plant nurseries
The key factor when running greenhouse operations is not only being able to generate off-grid electric power and heat for captive use but also having the option of using the combustion by-products from the natural gas consumed. The produced electricity is used for illuminating the greenhouse, and the heat is used for the heating system. In addition to the actual cogeneration, the CO2 from the exhaust gas can be used as fertilizer for the plants. A special exhaust treatment unit purifies the exhaust gas in such a way that usable carbon dioxide enters the greenhouses.
Heating the greenhouses requires the largest energy consumption in plant nurseries. Second to this is possible preheating of irrigation water and the heating of retail shop areas. Electrical power is mainly used for lighting and compressed air, along with the operation of boilers, as well as for process control purposes. In the greenhouse facilities, the operating costs can be reduced through implementation of a combined heat and power system (CHP) with clean pipeline natural gas as a fuel.
Our gas engines (gensets) can deliver electrical power for electrical loads, heat energy for the heating of greenhouses, and reusable carbon dioxide from the engine exhaust as organic fertilizer.
The advantages of cogeneration systems in greenhouses:
- Energy efficiency of more than 90%
- Lower energy costs than with separate heat and power generation systems
- Lower emissions than with separate heat and power generation systems
- Opportunities to boost revenues through the export of electrical power
- Carbon dioxide plant fertilizer
The ideal fuel for our combined heat and power systems: natural gases and gases similar to natural gas
XLS Energy natural gas-fueled engines can be specially configured for applications involving heat recovery. The gas engine runs a generator for the production of electrical power, while jacket water and/or exhaust cooling circuits are fed through heat exchangers to transfer the waste heat from the engine to a hot water or steam circuit. The hot water is collected and used for heating the greenhouses. The carbon monoxide can be removed with oxidation catalysts, and the urea-based SCR system can be used to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions down to just a few ppm. Afterwards, the exhaust gases are so clean that they can be fed to the plant roots as fertilizer and boost the farmer’s profit.
As the heat energy is decisive for the dimensioning, the electrical power generated in greenhouse facilities frequently exceeds local demand. In many areas, high-efficiency power generation is subsidized via production certificates. The lion’s share of the electrical power generated is exported into the local grid.
Customized CHP solutions from XLS Energy
XLS Energy provides customized CHP package solutions, including any necessary mechanical equipment and controls to capture thermal energy from engines and transfer it to a greenhouse facility. In addition, XLS Energy offers the necessary exhaust treatment, along with parallel switchgear systems and controls for energy utilities to enable the sale of surplus electrical energy to the local power grid.
The total energy cost savings of such systems can more than offset the total owning and operating costs, delivering a payback in as little as two to three years, depending on local energy pricing and policies.